EN: Biography  
  EN: Writings  
  EN: Contact / Imprint  
  D: Biographie  
  D: Werk  
  D: Kontakt / ImpressumKontakt / Impressum  
    Amma Darko  
    Beyond the Horizon

Mara grows up in a Ghanaian village and she is dreaming about life in the capital Accra. She marries Akobi who brings her there. Mara gets to know that Akobi is not the distinguished man he pretends to be. She has a lot of trouble in Accra.

Akobi is planning to travel to Germany and Mara supports him because she hopes that she willbe able to follow soon. After a very long time,she finally receives an invitation to Germany. She realises that Akobi is in a relationship with Gitte, to whom Mara is introduced as Akobi's sister. After first resistance, Mara is playing the game.

Finally Akobi forces his wife into prostitution because he needs money for his demanding girlfriend Comfort.



Literature and Links

Abeka, Philomena; Marfo, Charles; Bonku, Lucy: An Angle of Seeing: Pornography and Profanity as Pharmakon in Darko’s Beyond the Horizon and The Housemaid, in: Advances in Language and Literary Studies, Vol. 5 No. 2; April 2014.


(full text)

Adjei, Mawuli, Male-bashing and narrative subjectivity in Amma Darko’s first three novels In SKASE Journal of Literary Studies [online]. 2009, vol. 1, no. 1 [cit. 2009-06-23].

http://www.skase.sk/Volumes/JLS01/pdf_doc/04.pdf (full text)

Afful, B.A., Thematic analysis of gender stratification in Amma Darko’s ‘Beyond the Horizon’, Paper, University of Cape Coast.

Agbajoh-Laoye, G.: Beyond the Horizon: African Immigration, Trans-Cultural Patterns and Conflicting Liberation in Emecheta’s ‘Second-Class Citizen’ and Amma Darko’s ‘Beyond the Horizon’. Paper Presented at the Annual Conference of the African Studies Association, November 11-14, 2004, New Orleans, Louisiana. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University, African Studies Association (ASA). 2004.

Barberan Reinares, M. Laura: Sex Trafficking and the Legal System in Destination Countries in Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon and Chris Abani’s Becoming Abigail, in: Barberan Reinares, M. Laura: Commodified Anatomies: Disposable Women in Postcolonial Narratives of Sexual Trafficking/ Abduction, Georgia 2012 (Dissertation), pp. 109-150.


(full text)

Laura E. Chasen, The Geography of Form - Bodies, Space and Capitalist Desire in Amma

Darko’s Beyond the Horizon, in: Laura E. Chasen, Dislocated Subjects: Transnational Forced Prostitution, African Female Bodies and Corporeal Resistance, Washington 2010 (Master Thesis), pp. 9-25.


(full text)

Gbaguidi, Célestin : African Illegal Immigrants’ Disillusionment in Europe: a Study of Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon, in: Revue du CAMES / Lettres, Langues et linguistique, No. 2, Nov. 2014, pp. 36-48.

http://publication.lecames.org/index.php/lit/article/view/303  (full text)

Gbanou, Sélom Komlan: Un ręve (f)utile de l’Europe : le cercle des utopies dans Der verkaufte Traum de Amma Darko, in: Papa Samba Diop & Florence Paravy (Hrg.), Littératures africaines littératures francophones et utopies, Paris, Action – Université Paris XII Val de Marnes, 2006, S. 235-255. 

Higgins, MaryEllen (Ellie): Transnational, Transcultural Feminisms? Amma Darko's Response in "Beyond the Horizon", in: Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Fall, 2006), pp. 307-322.


Jonet, M. Catherine: She doesn’t know the truth about me: [T]he shaping presence of the closet in Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon”. Gender and Sexuality in African Literature and Film. Eds. Ada Azodo and Maureen Eke. Trenton: Africa World Press, 2007, pp. 199-211.

Leitmeir, Petra,  “Amma Darko – Interkulturelle Literatur in Deutschland ?”, 2007

Marfo, Charles; Abeka Yeboah, Philomena; Bonku, Lucy: Exploiting the Exploiter: Some Violations of Society’s Expectations in Beyond the Horizon and The Housemaid, in: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies – Vol 21(1), pp. 35 – 46.


(full text)

Streete, Shanique, African Studies, UCLA, Learning How to Pray: Images of Violence Against Women in the Novels of Amma Darko

Umezurike, Uchechukwu Peter : Objectification in Amma Darko’s Beyond The Horizon, in: The Journal of Pan African Studies, vol.8, no.2, July 2015, p. 290-301.


(full text)

Umezurike, Uchechukwu Peter : Resistance in Amma Darko’s Beyond The Horizon and Chika Unigwe’s On Black Sisters’ Street, in: An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender Studies (LALIGENS), Ethiopia, Vol. 4 (2), Serial No 10, May, 2015, pp. 152-163


(full text)




About the documentary: